BERBAGI

Jenis Ekstensi MIME dan Contoh PenggunaannyaIdentifikasi sebuah file pada situs ini akan diberikan oleh MIME melalui server dengan di tandai berupa HTTP pada teks dan JPEG untuk gambar.

Pemakaian MIME sebenarnya akan sangat memudahkan pemilik web dalam cara mempromosikan jenis file teks ataupun gambar kepada pengunjung. Sehingga saat pemilik web meletakkan gambar atau teks, maka server akan memberikan kode melalui header pada file yang akan ditampilkannya.

eksistensi mime 686

Jenis Ekstensi MIME

Banyaknya akan file baik berupa teks ataupun gambar, penyampaian server akan semua hal tersebut ini memiliki jenis ekstensi yang berbeda-beda.

Misalnya saja, untuk tipe MIME teks ini akan diberikan subtipe file dengan kode HTML (text/html). Begitu juga dengan gambar, subtipe file gambar ini akan diberikan header dengan nama JPEG (chart/jpeg).

Pemakaian jenis ekstensi MIME pada situs web di internet sebenarnya ini juga akan memberi kan kemudahan saat pemilik web akan melakukan pengkodingan pada server maupun pada situsnya. Maka dari itu, kenali dan pelajarilah 686 MIME di bawah ini untuk mengoptimal kan situs web yang anda punya.

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Kelengkapan jenis ekstensi MIME yang bisa anda gunakan yaitu ada 686 dan semuanya sudah ditulis secara jelas dalam tabel berikut:

Ekstensi File MIME Type / Internet Media Type
.x3d application/vnd.hzn-3d-crossword
.3gp video/3gpp
.3g2 video/3gpp2
.mseq application/vnd.mseq
.pwn application/vnd.3m.post-it-notes
.plb application/vnd.3gpp.pic-bw-large
.psb application/vnd.3gpp.pic-bw-small
.pvb application/vnd.3gpp.pic-bw-var
.tcap application/vnd.3gpp2.tcap
.7z application/x-7z-compressed
.abw application/x-abiword
.ace application/x-ace-compressed
.acc application/vnd.americandynamics.acc
.acu application/vnd.acucobol
.atc application/vnd.acucorp
.adp audio/adpcm
.aab application/x-authorware-bin
.aam application/x-authorware-map
.aas application/x-authorware-seg
.air application/vnd.adobe.air-application-installer-package+zip
.swf application/x-shockwave-flash
.fxp application/vnd.adobe.fxp
.pdf application/pdf
.ppd application/vnd.cups-ppd
.dir application/x-director
.xdp application/vnd.adobe.xdp+xml
.xfdf application/vnd.adobe.xfdf
.aac audio/x-aac
.ahead application/vnd.ahead.space
.azf application/vnd.airzip.filesecure.azf
.azs application/vnd.airzip.filesecure.azs
.azw application/vnd.amazon.ebook
.ami application/vnd.amiga.ami
N/A application/andrew-inset
.apk application/vnd.android.package-archive
.cii application/vnd.anser-web-certificate-issue-initiation
.fti application/vnd.anser-web-funds-transfer-initiation
.atx application/vnd.antix.game-component
.mpkg application/vnd.apple.installer+xml
.aw application/applixware
.les application/vnd.hhe.lesson-player
.swi application/vnd.aristanetworks.swi
.s text/x-asm
.atomcat application/atomcat+xml
.atomsvc application/atomsvc+xml
.atom, .xml application/atom+xml
.ac application/pkix-attr-cert
.aif audio/x-aiff
.avi video/x-msvideo
.aep application/vnd.audiograph
.dxf image/vnd.dxf
.dwf model/vnd.dwf
.par text/plain-bas
.bcpio application/x-bcpio
.bin application/octet-stream
.bmp image/bmp
.torrent application/x-bittorrent
.cod application/vnd.rim.cod
.mpm application/vnd.blueice.multipass
.bmi application/vnd.bmi
.sh application/x-sh
.btif image/prs.btif
.rep application/vnd.businessobjects
.bz application/x-bzip
.bz2 application/x-bzip2
.csh application/x-csh
.c text/x-c
.cdxml application/vnd.chemdraw+xml
.css text/css
.cdx chemical/x-cdx
.cml chemical/x-cml
.csml chemical/x-csml
.cdbcmsg application/vnd.contact.cmsg
.cla application/vnd.claymore
.c4g application/vnd.clonk.c4group
.sub image/vnd.dvb.subtitle
.cdmia application/cdmi-capability
.cdmic application/cdmi-container
.cdmid application/cdmi-domain
.cdmio application/cdmi-object
.cdmiq application/cdmi-queue
.c11amc application/vnd.cluetrust.cartomobile-config
.c11amz application/vnd.cluetrust.cartomobile-config-pkg
.ras image/x-cmu-raster
.dae model/vnd.collada+xml
.csv text/csv
.cpt application/mac-compactpro
.wmlc application/vnd.wap.wmlc
.cgm image/cgm
.ice x-conference/x-cooltalk
.cmx image/x-cmx
.xar application/vnd.xara
.cmc application/vnd.cosmocaller
.cpio application/x-cpio
.ppm image/x-portable-pixmap
.pskcxml application/pskc+xml
.pml application/vnd.ctc-posml
.ai application/postscript
.pfa application/x-font-type1
.pbd application/vnd.powerbuilder6
application/pgp-encrypted
.pgp application/pgp-signature
.box application/vnd.previewsystems.box
.ptid application/vnd.pvi.ptid1
.pls application/pls+xml
.str application/vnd.pg.format
.ei6 application/vnd.pg.osasli
.dsc text/prs.lines.tag
.psf application/x-font-linux-psf
.qps application/vnd.publishare-delta-tree
.wg application/vnd.pmi.widget
.qxd application/vnd.quark.quarkxpress
.esf application/vnd.epson.esf
.msf application/vnd.epson.msf
.ssf application/vnd.epson.ssf
.qam application/vnd.epson.quickanime
.qfx application/vnd.intu.qfx
.qt video/quicktime
.rar application/x-rar-compressed
.ram audio/x-pn-realaudio
.rmp audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin
.rsd application/rsd+xml
.rm application/vnd.rn-realmedia
.bed application/vnd.realvnc.bed
.mxl application/vnd.recordare.musicxml
.musicxml application/vnd.recordare.musicxml+xml
.rnc application/relax-ng-compact-syntax
.rdz application/vnd.data-vision.rdz
.rdf application/rdf+xml
.rp9 application/vnd.cloanto.rp9
.jisp application/vnd.jisp
.rtf application/rtf
.rtx text/richtext
.link66 application/vnd.route66.link66+xml
.rss, .xml application/rss+xml
.shf application/shf+xml
.st application/vnd.sailingtracker.track
.svg image/svg+xml
.sus application/vnd.sus-calendar
.sru application/sru+xml
.setpay application/set-payment-initiation
.setreg application/set-registration-initiation
.sema application/vnd.sema
.semd application/vnd.semd
.semf application/vnd.semf
.see application/vnd.seemail
.snf application/x-font-snf
.spq application/scvp-vp-request
.spp application/scvp-vp-response
.scq application/scvp-cv-request
.scs application/scvp-cv-response
.sdp application/sdp
.etx text/x-setext
.movie video/x-sgi-movie
.ifm application/vnd.shana.informed.formdata
.itp application/vnd.shana.informed.formtemplate
.iif application/vnd.shana.informed.interchange
.ipk application/vnd.shana.informed.package
.tfi application/thraud+xml
.shar application/x-shar
.rgb image/x-rgb
.slt application/vnd.epson.salt
.aso application/vnd.accpac.simply.aso
.imp application/vnd.accpac.simply.imp
.twd application/vnd.simtech-mindmapper
.csp application/vnd.commonspace
.saf application/vnd.yamaha.smaf-audio
.mmf application/vnd.smaf
.spf application/vnd.yamaha.smaf-phrase
.teacher application/vnd.smart.teacher
.svd application/vnd.svd
.rq application/sparql-query
.srx application/sparql-results+xml
.gram application/srgs
.grxml application/srgs+xml
.ssml application/ssml+xml
.skp application/vnd.koan
.sgml text/sgml
.sdc application/vnd.stardivision.calc
.sda application/vnd.stardivision.draw
.sdd application/vnd.stardivision.impress
.smf application/vnd.stardivision.math
.sdw application/vnd.stardivision.writer
.sgl application/vnd.stardivision.writer-global
.sm application/vnd.stepmania.stepchart
.sit application/x-stuffit
.sitx application/x-stuffitx
.sdkm application/vnd.solent.sdkm+xml
.xo application/vnd.olpc-sugar
.au audio/basic
.wqd application/vnd.wqd
.sis application/vnd.symbian.install
.smi application/smil+xml
.xsm application/vnd.syncml+xml
.bdm application/vnd.syncml.dm+wbxml
.xdm application/vnd.syncml.dm+xml
.sv4cpio application/x-sv4cpio
.sv4crc application/x-sv4crc
.sbml application/sbml+xml
.tsv text/tab-separated-values
.tiff image/tiff
.tao application/vnd.tao.intent-module-archive
.tar application/x-tar
.tcl application/x-tcl
.tex application/x-tex
.tfm application/x-tex-tfm
.tei application/tei+xml
.txt text/plain
.dxp application/vnd.spotfire.dxp
.sfs application/vnd.spotfire.sfs
.tsd application/timestamped-data
.tpt application/vnd.trid.tpt
.mxs application/vnd.triscape.mxs
.t text/troff
.tra application/vnd.trueapp
.ttf application/x-font-ttf
.ttl text/turtle
.umj application/vnd.umajin
.uoml application/vnd.uoml+xml
.unityweb application/vnd.unity
.ufd application/vnd.ufdl
.uri text/uri-list
.utz application/vnd.uiq.theme
.ustar application/x-ustar
.uu text/x-uuencode
.vcs text/x-vcalendar
.vcf text/x-vcard
.vcd application/x-cdlink
.vsf application/vnd.vsf
.wrl model/vrml
.vcx application/vnd.vcx
.mts model/vnd.mts
.vtu model/vnd.vtu
.vis application/vnd.visionary
.viv video/vnd.vivo
.ccxml application/ccxml+xml,
.vxml application/voicexml+xml
.src application/x-wais-source
.wbxml application/vnd.wap.wbxml
.wbmp image/vnd.wap.wbmp
.wav audio/x-wav
.davmount application/davmount+xml
.woff application/x-font-woff
.wspolicy application/wspolicy+xml
.webp image/webp
.wtb application/vnd.webturbo
.wgt application/widget
.hlp application/winhlp
.wml text/vnd.wap.wml
.wmls text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
.wmlsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
.wpd application/vnd.wordperfect
.stf application/vnd.wt.stf
.wsdl application/wsdl+xml
.xbm image/x-xbitmap
.xpm image/x-xpixmap
.xwd image/x-xwindowdump
.der application/x-x509-ca-cert
.fig application/x-xfig
.xhtml application/xhtml+xml
.xml application/xml
.xdf application/xcap-diff+xml
.xenc application/xenc+xml
.xer application/patch-ops-error+xml
.rl application/resource-lists+xml
.rs application/rls-services+xml
.rld application/resource-lists-diff+xml
.xslt application/xslt+xml
.xop application/xop+xml
.xpi application/x-xpinstall
.xspf application/xspf+xml
.xul application/vnd.mozilla.xul+xml
.xyz chemical/x-xyz
.yaml text/yaml
.yang application/yang
.yin application/yin+xml
.zir application/vnd.zul
.zip application/zip
.zmm application/vnd.handheld-entertainment+xml
.zaz application/vnd.zzazz.deck+xml
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Pembagian MIME

MIME yang dipakai pada internet ini memiliki 2 kategori pemakainya, yaitu MIME yang dapat dipakai untuk surat elektronik, dimana ini akan digunakan untuk menentukan jenis file apakah bentuknya berupa elektronik atau lampiran.

Yang kedua, MIME akan dipakai pada peramban server web yang memang digunakan untuk mengindentifikasi file dan semua informasi yang berkaitan dengan tipe file yang dipakainya.

Contoh Penggunaan MIME

Dari semua tipe file ekstensi yang sudah disebutkan di atas dengan banyaknya ada 686 tipe file, contoh penggunaan tipe file tersebut berbeda-beda. Tapi berikut ini akan diberikan salah satu contoh pemakaian tipe file yang biasa digunakan pada teks dan juga tipe file pada PDF.

Contoh I, pemakaian MIME pada teks/html:

Date:

Tue, 30 Jun 2015 05:13:47 GMT

Server:

Apache/2.2.29 (Unix) mod_ssl/2.2.29 OpenSSL/1.0.1e-fips mod_bwlimited/1.4 mod_perl/2.0.8 Perl/v5.10.1

X-Powered-By:

PHP/5.3.29

Connection:

close

Content-Type:

text/html

 

Contoh II, pemakaian MIME pada PDF:

AddType application/pdf .pdf

AddType application/pdf .pdf

AddType application/zip .zip

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